Ureteral reimplantation: Top-down approach
|Dr. Koh is associate professor of urology at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston. Dr. Wallis is clinical associate professor of surgery in the division of urology at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City.|
This video demonstrates a top-down approach without the use of stents for robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation in children. This represents a minimally invasive option for children that has been associated with high success rates and low complication rates similar to those of open surgery.
Dr. Wallis: The robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplant has gained popularity in recent years. Success and complication rates have varied in the literature. As a result, it is critical that modifications and technical considerations such as those presented in Dr. Koh’s video are shared.
The video highlights Dr. Koh and colleagues’ top-down suturing technique for closing the detrusor muscle over the ureter. The initial stitch is placed at the “top” or proximal end of the detrusor tunnel. This step promotes ease of suturing the rest of the tunnel and helps keep the ureter out of the way to avoid injury and increase visibility during suturing. The authors’ published results have demonstrated this to be a very reliable technique in their hands.
Dr. Hotaling: We are now entering an era where many residents will finish their training being more comfortable with robotic surgery than open surgery. Thus, being facile with robotic ureteral reconstructions will become vital to both urologic care and repairing iatrogenic injuries, both urologic and otherwise. This video illustrates the core principles of robotic ureteral surgery.
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